A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Adolescence
a transitional stage of human development that occurs between childhood and adulthood. Adolescent humans go through puberty, the process of sexual maturation. Teenagers (ages 13-19) are usually adolescent, though in some individuals, puberty may extend a few years beyond the teenage years, and in some individuals, puberty begins in the pre-teen years.
Amm
a warm rice soup.
Ampo
means the unseen; the Tau't Bato God.
Aruding
an instrument made of a small piece of bamboo with "tingga" where the cords are tied around. It is placed near the mouth and blown to produce sound.
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Babaylan
priest/priestess.
Bagaral
the Tau't Bato council composed of tribal officials led by a panglima, followed by a segundo, kabo and two konsehal.
Balasbas
also palaspas or dried palm leaves tied together like pompoms used by the babaylan when performing a ritual.
Bangun-bangun
a form of human weight training. One player, a smaller person acts as the human barbell by lying on his stomach, folds his legs and grabs hold of his feet with his two hands. The larger player lies on his back while positioning himself perpendicular to the smaller player with his head towards the body of the human barbell. He then tries to stand up while lifting the human barbell with him.
Barter
to trade goods or services without the exchange of money.
Biday
large rattan mat.
Bilao
winnowing basket (for removing rice chaff).
Biyuk-biyuk
biyuk means "boar" and therefore, it is a mimetic game, imitating the boar fights.
Budyak
a make-believe hunting; a Tau't Bato uses a banana trunk as a make-believe boar and a bamboo pole with pointed tip as the spear.
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Cassava
the cassava, manioc, casava, or yuca (manihot esculenta) is a woody shrub of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge family) native to South America that is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrates. Indeed, cassava is the third largest source of carbohydrates for human food in the world, with Africa as its largest center of production.
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Da'tag
a sleeping platform which is usually associated with a fireplace.
Dawit
a form of hand wrestling but only the middle fingers are locked together and they struggle to flip the hand over.
Dowry
(also known as trousseau) is the money, goods, or estate that a woman brings to her husband in marriage.
Dwellings
housing that someone is living in.
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Gimbal
percussion with a hollowed tree trunk or big bamboo stem as the tube and a stretched animal hide or dried reptile's skin tied on one end of the tube. The covered end is struck by bare hands or by pair of sticks.
G-string
a narrow loincloth supported by a waistband; a breechcloth.
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Kaasawaan
the family household; the basic social unit of the Tau't Bato.
Kaluwataan
smooth separation of the dead from the earth and homecoming to their god.
Kayunggot
a type of small crabs found in the river.
Kosti
a form of hand wrestling where fingers of two players are alternately clasped together and they struggle to flip the hand over.
Kudlong
serves as guitar of the Tau't Bato but it has two cords only. It is made of wood but can produce good sound.
Kulilal
a lullaby the Tau't Bato learned from their Muslim neighbors.
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Lantay
a thick, hard skin of the "bat-bat" tree.
Lantigi
a general term for songs that are sung by more than two singers in a conversational manner.
Limbus-limbusan
a form of arm wrestling similar to the arm wrestling of the lowlanders.
Limukon
similar to a pigeon dove also found in Palawan.
Lowlander
a native or inhabitant of lowland.
Lullaby
a soothing song with which to lull a child to sleep.
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Malayan Pangolin
a species of pangolin found in many south-east Asian nations, including Thailand, Indonesia (Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Lesser Sunda Islands/Nusa Tenggara), the Philippines, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia, and Malaysia and Singapore. The skin of its feet is granular although there are pads on its front feet. Its tail has 30 scales. It is closely related to the Chinese pangolin, although the Malayan species is larger, lighter in color and has shorter fore-claws.
Mangungulin
a Tau't Bato who assists the birthing mother; he/she is responsible for cutting the baby's umbilical cord using bamboo split as scissor.
Menstruation
a phase of the menstrual cycle in which the uterine lining (endometrium) is shed. Menstrual cycles occur exclusively in humans and other apes. The females of other species of placental mammal experience an estrus, in which the endometrium is reabsorbed by the animal at the end of its reproductive cycle.
Mimetic
means a stylized imitation of the sounds found in the natural environment such as those made by animals in the forests.
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Nomadic people
also known as nomads are communities of people that move from one place to another, rather than settling down in one location.
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Pag-aantar
a Tau't Bato ritual given every harvest season to offer and pray for thanksgiving for their abundant production.
Pagang
an instrument made of a piece of bamboo with thirteen cords. It is placed in between the thighs and held by both hands while being played facing the singer.
Pagsasad
a ritual in the planting of rice.
Pagtabang
a ritual in healing which is done by the balean or babaylan (healer) to ask help from ampo (god) for their rice field.
Pagtatabad
a ritual of Tau't Bato using tabad or rice wine in casting evil spirit in the sick person.
Pagtatarok
a ritual of the Tao't Bato that signifies their healing and thanksgiving activity for the recovery of the sick relatives from an epidemic.
Panday
assists the birthing mother; he/she pushes and pulls out the baby.
Patadyong
"wrap skirt" which is usually worn with a loose blouse for women, and often used as a baby carrier.
Pating
an individual game which shows their skills in climbing vine. It is also carried out to collect honey and birds.
Percussion
any object which produces a sound by being hit with an implement, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any other action which sets the object into vibration. The term usually applies to an object used in a rhythmic context and/or with musical intent. The word "percussion" has evolved from Latin terms: "percussio" (which translates as "to beat, strike" in the musical sense, rather than the violent action), and "percussus" (which is a noun meaning "a beating").
Pinadungan
a type of platform with four posts (each post forming a tripod) made from bamboo. This is placed in the middle of the rice fields where the Tau't Bato priest places the offering for a bountiful harvest. A Tau't Bato version of an altar.
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Rearing
bringing up, training; v. to rear, bring up, care for, etc.
Roku roku
important herbal plant for the Tau't Bato; the plant is used to control the pest that may harm the rice fields.
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Sikar
a form of leg wrestling and the players' objective is to flip the leg of his opponent over.
Suling
an instrument made of small bamboo 12 cm. long with four holes with rattan tied at each end which produces sound when blown.
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Tabad
rice wine
Talubid-talubid
a make-believe hunting
Tanguk
just a bit smaller than a full grown chicken. It has green feathers like a parrot and can be seen in the forests of Mantalingahan.
Tarek
most popular dance of the Tau't Bato. It is performed overnight during their "basal" celebration or an overnight social gathering, religious and festival activities and to give thanks for a good harvest.
Tayangaw
a type of smelly bug that is harmful for the rice fields.
Tipas
a potable, clear extract from the vine or "baging" in the mountains.
Toron
is a dance performed by the "babaylan" to cure the sick.
Transhuman
a term that refers to an evolutionary transition from the human to the posthuman.
Tugda
a stick or branch of a tree shaped like a long spear used to bore holes for the seeds; a rice-planting practice of the Tau't Bato.
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Ukay-ukay
Relief clothes sold in the market, usually not arranged or placed in hangers. Instead, they are simply dumped in mountains of clothes and the consumers would dig and turn them over to find the desired garments. The term "ukay" is a Filipino term for "to dig" giving the second-hand clothes their local name.
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